Doctors and nurses need to be concerned with Caring for Patient Safety and they also need to teach patients how to care for themselves. Patient safety is important and it can make a difference between fast recovery and prolonged stays at a hospital. Patient safety can also be practiced outside the hospitals. Physicians and hospitals could teach patients how to better take care of themselves in their day to day life so they are healthier and so they have a need to visit a hospital less.
Caring for Patient Safety should transcend just when a patient walks into a hospital. It should have effects in their day to day lives which then leads to a healthier overall population. Below we discuss some ways Caring for Patient Safety can transcend patients safety within the walls of a hospital to include the sleep habits of individuals and how to affects their health.
No Snacking in Bed
Snacking in bed is a favorite past time of many and it sure sounds appealing. However, research has shown that eating in bed especially at night can be particularly disruptive to sleep. First off eating these snack right before bedtime will make you extra thirsty and this means more trips to the bathroom at night which disrupts deep sleep.
Also eating right before bed could also lead to weight gain and lead people to be more unhealthy. Patients and individuals should also avoid taking caffeine before bed as it leads to anxious and jittery feeling and could keep a person up for most of the night. Individuals should try to get 7 to 8 hours of sleep each night in order to stay healthy.
If a patient is finding it hard to fall asleep there are other non-conventional methods that can be taken to make them fall asleep faster. One of those is by listening to lullabies. Usually, a lullaby is meant to put babies to sleep but there are also adult lullabies that are made specially to help adults fall asleep faster. These kinds of music promote calm and relaxation and can lead individuals to fall asleep faster and also have a more relaxing sleep. This is good for patients to speed up their healing because the body heals faster when it is relaxed and when a person is asleep.
Proper Sleep Positions
There are some sleep positions that help promote better sleep. One that has been said by researchers to be a good sleeping position is putting the body on neutral. When a person body is neutral with an aligned spine, it allows their musculoskeletal and neurological system to be with less twisting, pushing and pulling. Also, the back, shoulders, and neck have little to no pressure on them and this makes the body even more relaxed. Patients are advised to use soft pillows and use the pillows to readjust and aline their spine so they are in a more comfortable position before they fall asleep.
Sleep supplements are good for people who have trouble falling asleep or sleeping for a long time. There are also supplements like magnesium that are good for sleep in general for anyone to take. A magnesium deficiency can lead to insomnia and so taking magnesium pills can help the patient have better sleep. Magnesium pills can be bought over the counter at pharmacies.
Do not let your Pet in the Bed
Pets can be a source of comfort and cuddles when needed but for patients dealing with insufficient sleep or a troubled sleep patter, having your pet in the bed can worsen the situation. The movements and breathing of the pet could be a distraction to falling asleep and staying asleep through the night. In addition, patients with allergies to pets may have increased allergic symptoms such as a runny nose or nasal congestion that may interfere with sleep. Pets can be a source of comfort and emotional support to patients but they should not be let in the bed at night so they do not interrupt the sleep and rest of patients.
No Electronic Devices in Bed
Having a phone, computer or tablet in bed can be a source of distracted and troubled sleep. Electronic devices particularly prevent or delay the occurrence of deep sleep. Unlike rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, deep sleep is when your body and brain waves slow down. It’s hard to wake from deep sleep, and for some individuals, it’s not easy to fall into deep sleep. Devices put your senses on high alert and so it takes longer to power down and actually prepare your body for sleep.
It is advisable to stay away from electronic devices 30 mins before bed and not to have your phone or computer on your bed with you. If possible, do not have them in the same room as you when you are ready to go to bed. The stages of sleep are non-REM, REM sleep, and then deep sleep. The human body needs time and the right environment to prepare for sleep and go through these stages naturally. According to Healthline–
You spend roughly 75 percent of your night in non-REM sleep and the other 25 percent in REM sleep. Of this, around 13 to 23 percent of your total sleep is deep sleep. Deep sleep decreases with age. If you’re under age 30, you may get two hours of deep sleep each night. If you’re over age 65, on the other hand, you may only get a half hour of deep sleep each night, or none at all. Healthline